Adverse drug reaction is a condition that describes the harmful effects associated with the usage of given medication for a particular disorder or illness. The adverse drug reactions may occur as a result of single dose or prolonged administration of a drug and or combination of two or more drugs. The adverse drug reactions always imply the harmful and or stressful effects or even the injury that are not favorable to the body. These effects that are generated as a result of adverse drug reactions are abbreviated as adverse drug events. The field of pharmacology that deals with the study of adverse drug reactions is termed as Pharmacovigilance. The adverse drug reactions may be limited to its local area of action or can be systemic where it spreads throughout the systemic circulation. The adverse drug reactions are further classified depending upon the cause of its reaction and secondly on the seriousness and or severity imposed by the reaction in the body. Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author'sscholarlywork, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.
Last date updated on June, 2014