Heart risks are the diseases associated with the heart and or blood vessels i.e., arteries, veins and capillaries. A cardiovascular disease primarily affects the cardiovascular system of the body; thereby causing vascular diseases of the brain and or kidney and peripheral arterial diseases. The causative agents of the cardiovascular diseases are diverse but atherosclerosis and or hypertension are the conditions that are found to be most common that are responsible for cardiovascular risks. Additionally, ageing is also responsible for cardiovascular risks in the individuals even in healthy conditions. A cardiovascular disease usually affects an individual at the older age but the preventive measures should be taken from childhood itself by modifying its underlying risk factors such as healthy eating, regular exercise, avoiding tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption, etc. Evidence suggests a number of other risk factors for heart disease like gender, family history, psycho-social factors, air pollution, etc. While some of the risk factors like age, gender, etc cannot be mutated however there are factors that can be modified by changing the lifestyle, drug administration and sociological changes.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results. Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications. The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.
Last date updated on September, 2020