A disaster could be a natural or artificial (or technological) hazard leading to an occurrence of considerable extent inflicting important physical harm or destruction, loss of life, or forceful modification to the atmosphere. A disaster may be extensively outlined as any tragic event stemming from events like earthquakes, floods, harmful accidents, fires, or explosions. Researchers are learning disasters for quite a century, and for quite forty years disaster analysis for the better understanding of the events restricted to disaster science and related areas. Man-made disasters are the consequence of technological or human hazards. Examples embody stampedes, fires, transport oil spills and nuclear radiation. War and deliberate attacks might also be place during this class. Like natural hazards, artificial hazards are events that haven't happened, for example terrorist act. Artificial disasters are samples of specific cases wherever artificial hazards became reality in an occurrence.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on June, 2014