Enteroviruses are in the picornavirus family and include polioviruses, coxsackie viruses and echoviruses. There are more than 70 subtypes of enteroviruses capable of causing human infection. These viruses have a predilection for Central Nervous System (CNS) infection, and have been reported to cause over 75% of aseptic meningitis cases, and as many as 27% of infectious encephalitis cases. The enteroviruses have also been associated with a number of other acute CNS infections, including transverse myelitis and flaccid paralysis. Although these viruses have a tendency to cause infection in summer and fall, they are also associated with more than half all cases of aseptic meningitis in winter and spring.
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Last date updated on June, 2014