"Synbiotics are nutritional supplements that combine probiotics and prebiotics, enhancing their beneficial effects. Nowadays, probiotics are also becoming an integral part of aquaculture practices to obtain high production, and, although considerably less information is available regarding probiotics applications for fish, they offer benefits with regards to improving immune status and fish production. Despite the promising potential benefits demonstrated in current literature to these feed ingredients, to date the use of synbiotics in fish farms has been poorly investigated and available data are still scarce. The parameters investigated in these studies have been the following: effect on survival and growth, feed conversion, body composition, haematological/biochemical parameters, digestive enzyme activity, immunological response and disease resistance. This review compiles the results from recent studies, aiming to highlight the properties of synbiotics evaluated for potential application in farming fish.
M.A Esteban; Current Knowledge in Synbiotic Use for Fish Aquaculture: A Review"Scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting novel research. There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and many more have been published at various points in the past. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Scientific journals contain articles that are peer reviewed, to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. The publication of the results of research is an essential part of the scientific method. If they are describing experiments or calculations, they must supply enough details that an independent researcher could repeat the experiment or calculation to verify the results. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on July, 2014