|The advent of a more technological society has contributed to an increase in sedentary screen time activity (a spectrum of behaviors such as television watching, video gaming, texting, and computer activity). The proliferation of media available to children and adolescents warrants discussion as to effects of screen time exposure on health. The presence of screen time, beginning early in childhood, is a common reality for many children. As technology continues to become increasingly more complex, accessible, and a component of everyday life, so does the potential for adverse effects associated with too much screen time, too soon. Although moderated screen time may have some learning benefit, the issue of health outcomes is of particular concern to the health care provider. With meteoric advancements in technology, examining the effects of increased sedentary screen time becomes a priority.