|Neurosurgery nursing requires advanced nursing knowledge and practice to meet the care needs of patients who have experienced cranial and/or spinal surgical interventions. Neurosurgery nurses often meet patients with traumas. Trauma is seen as the primary cause of death at 0-44 age range in many countries. The most frequent factors causing traumas are traffic accidents, to fall down from high metres, firearms or contact/edged weapon wounds, Multiple body wounds have increased by the progress in industry and technology. Cranial traumas and spinal traumas usually accompany with multiple wounds in patients. Cranial and spinal traumas appear as health problems which mostly require some lifestyle changes and which have individual and social significance.
Scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting novel research. There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and many more have been published at various points in the past. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Scientific journals contain articles that are peer reviewed, to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity.The publication of the results of research is an essential part of the scientific method. If they are describing experiments or calculations, they must supply enough details that an independent researcher could repeat the experiment or calculation to verify the results. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.