Without the necessity of a surgical procedure, disc herniations can be treated with a minimally-invasive procedure using ozone. Muto suggested intradiscal injection of ozone for disc hernia in 1998 under CT guidance, and Leonardi popularized fluoroscopy guided ozone injection into the intervertebral disc. Ozone modifies the core of the intervertebral disc in such a way that the disc herniation resolves. The treatment is carried out under local anaesthesia, and ozone is introduced through a fine needle into the intervertebral disc without the need to open the spinal canal. The micro-therapy is carried out under the precise guidance afforded by computed tomography or C arm. Under a skilled practitioners hand, scar formation is minimal or non-existent. The procedure takes between 20 and 30 minutes. A Hospital stay and postoperative physiotherapy are not necessary.
High-impact journals are those considered to be highly influential in their respective fields. The impact factor of journal provides quantitative assessment tool for grading, evaluating, sorting and comparing journals of similar kind. It reflects the average number of citations to recent articles published in science and social science journals in a particular year or period, and is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field. It is first devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information. The impact factor of a journal is evaluated by dividing the number of current year citations to the source items published in that journal during the previous two years.
Last date updated on June, 2014