|Adjuvant therapy refers to the treatment given in addition to the main treatment. These are important in dreadful diseases like malignant cancer. After removal of malignant cancer by surgery, still some residual tissue of malignant cell still remaining which leads to the spread of cancer. Thus, in order to avoid such consequences many doctors prescribe adjuvant therapy to increase long-term disease-free survival of the patient. Chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, radiation therapy, Immunotherapy, Targeted therapy is considered as adjuvant therapies.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.