|Radiation therapy is a treatment modality which is commonly used in the treatment of metastatic diseases. There are some common accidents that occur during this curative therapy. They are radiation overexposure, massive overdoses, failures in equipment design and design testing etc. The fatal radiation overdoses are one of the prominent among these and it causes nausea, vision problems, inability to hear, severe pain etc. Apart from the potential benefits this treatment method is also associated with life threatening hazards.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.