Patients with cirrhosis often have an abnormal body composition with clinical signs of protein energy malnutrition and a relative increase in body weight due to Ascites or edema. Ascites is a condition that is becoming treatable with diuretics, albumin preparations, ascetic reperfusion, and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting, but the prognosis of patients with ascites remains poor HCV is the combination of interferon (IFN) and/or ribavirin (RBV) for 24-48 weeks, depending primarily on the viral genotype, virological response (SVR) (defined as undetectable HCV RNA level at 6 months after treatment completion). Interferon (IFN) has been extensively used for treatment of HCV. The current therapy for HCV infection in developing countries is combination of either Telaprevir or Boceprevir (Protease inhibitors) with Ribavirin (RBV) and Interferon (IFN) for genotype 1 patients. This therapy has shown improved cure rate (60-80 percent), a significant increase in compare to prior therapy with improved SVR and significant reduction in treatment time (12-36 weeks). Approximately 10-15 % of patients are forced to discontinue IFN therapy due to side effects/adverse effects associated with the therapy/ The rate of treatment withdrawal has been reported to be substantially higher. In addition, dose reduction of IFN and/or RBV owing to side effects/adverse effects is in the range of 25-40 % of patients. Studies suggest that dose reduction should be implemented at the earliest possible stage.
Sajid Ali, Impact of Combination Interferon Therapy on the Body Weight, Body Fat and Lean Body Mass of Chronic HCV Infected Patients.
Last date updated on May, 2021