|Early childhood caries (ECC) has been observed as one of the most predominant chronic diseases in early childhood. Many studies show ECC was often neglected and most of the decay was left untouched. Early treatment of ECC is significant because untreated caries can lead to pain, sepsis and spreading infection, malnutrition due to the failure to eat, and poor general health. Children with severe ECC or those who are not able to cooperate well for traditional restorative treatment often require general anaesthesia. The cost of dental care is high.
Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.