Accident Detection System by Using Navigation Devices
Transportation has great importance in our daily life and it’s development has made many of our chores much easy. But it can cause disaster to us and even can kill us through accidents. During 2008, Road Traffic Injuries ranked fourth among the leading causes of death in the world. Nearly 1.3 million people die every year on the world’s roads and 20 to 50 million people suffer non-fatal injuries, with many sustaining a disability as a result of their injury. Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among young people aged 15-29 years and cost countries 1-3% of the gross domestic product (GDP). If no action is taken, road traffic crashes are predicted to result in the deaths of around 1.9 million People annually by 2020. Thus accident detection system using GPS and GSM has gained attention. This system automatically informs accident to the preprogramed numbers i.e. to our Toll Plaza System. It is easy to carry out help from Toll Booth to accident location. When accident occurs, this system sends short message to mobile number via GSM modem. Message will give longitude and latitude values. From these values location of accident can be determined.