AM FUNGAL POPULATION IN POLLUTED SITES OF JODHPUR REGION
Shilpa Yadav* and Anil Vyas
Microbial Biotechnology and Biofertilizer Laboratory, Department of Botany, J.N.V.University, Jodhpur, India
|Corresponding Author: Shilpa Yadav, E-mail: [email protected]|
|Received: 04 February 2013 Accepted: 24 February 2013 Published: 27 February 2013|
Indian Thar Desert have very diverse flora because of its adverse conditions. This unexplored flora may have varied characteristic features which can be used for the bioremediation purposes, as the polluted sites also have adversities in its ecology. Addition of exogenous microflora in the ecosystem of contaminated sites would enhance rate of biodegradation. AM fungal plant- microbe interaction is found in almost 99% of the desert plants. Four genera of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza were found in contaminated sites of Jodhpur region. Glomus deserticola was found in abundance, followed by Gigaspora margarita, Scutellospora calospora, Glomus mossae These AM fungi can be mass cultured by using Cenchrus ciliaris as host. The roots of the grass can be used as inoculants for addition as exogenous microflora for the purpose of microbial bioremediation and rhizoremediation to the polluted sites.