AN ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS OF DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT: THE CASE OF THE MAKE ZAMBIA CLEAN AND HEALTHY PROGRAMME IN LIVINGSTONE
Department of Geography & Environmental Studies, UNZA, Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia
|Corresponding Author: Givers Chilinga, E-mail: [email protected] or [email protected]|
|Received: 20 December 2013 Accepted: 29 December 2013|
Solid waste management (SWM) continues to be a major concern in Zambia in spite of the several mitigation efforts by government. This study was conducted to analyse public perceptions of domestic SWM by evaluating the Make Zambia Clean and Healthy (MZCH) campaign in the city of Livingstone. An eclectic approach was employed for this study. Three representative localities (low, medium and high density) with a total of 3940 households were surveyed out of which a total of 202 respondents were proportionately sampled through simple random and systematic methods. Data was collected between February and March, 2013. Coded data were entered into the SPSS version 16.0 to generate descriptive statistics, and application of MANOVA. MANOVA results show that only two independent variables [monthly income having: F (6, 376) = 3.55, p=0.002, Wilks’ Lambda (λ) = 0.89 and partial eta squared = 0.054); and residence classification having: (F (6,392) = 2.09, p=0.05, Wilks’ Lambda (λ) = 0.94 and partial eta squared = 0.031)] reached statistical significant multivariate differences at p ≤ 0.05. This result indicates, first that the demographic factors did not influence public perceptions of the effectiveness of the MZCH programme. Second, there were no major differences in public perceptions of the domestic SWM system among the different socioeconomic households of the city of Livingstone. Further, results of this study suggest that the campaign was viewed as being ineffective and so largely unsuccessful, as the local community members largely felt they did not participate in the decision making and implementation processes of the programme. This was despite 77.0 percent of the respondents having indicated that they had heard about the campaign. Therefore government should involve the public in identifying future SWM solutions and to provide information to all concerned persons about practical aspects of waste management.