alexa Antibiotic tetracycline in the environments- A review
e-ISSN: 2320-0812 p-ISSN: 2347-2340

Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis
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Review Article

Antibiotic tetracycline in the environments- A review

Po-Hsiang Chang1, Wei-Teh Jiang1, Zhaohui Li2*, Jiin-Shuh Jean1, Chung-Yih Kuo3

1Department of Earth Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 70101, Taiwan

2Department of Geosciences, University of Wisconsin – Parkside, 900 Wood Road, Kenosha, WI 53141-2000, USA

3Department of Public Health, College of Health Care and Management, Chung Shan Medical University, No. 110,Sec. 1, Chien-kuo N Road, Taichung 40242, Taiwan

*Corresponding Author:
Zhaohui Li
Department of Geosciences, University of Wisconsin – Parkside
900 Wood Road, Kenosha, WI 53141-2000, USA
Tel: +1 262 595 2487
Fax: +1 262 595 2056
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: 20/05/2015; Accepted date: 27/07/2015; Published date: 03/08/2015

 

Abstract

Tetracycline’s (TC) are widely used in the treatment of animal diseases, as well as additives in animal feed as a sub-therapeutic dose for animal disease prevention and promotion of animal growth. Due to their extensive use and wide prevalence and persistence in the environment, there might be unforeseeable consequences. The long-term application of livestock excreta can cause the accumulation of antibiotics in the soil, have a negative effect on the ecological environment and result in TC residues. Detection of antibiotics in rivers and lakes has been reported widely. However, a systematic review on discussing the residual conditions in a variety of environmental and behavior of TC, as well as various factors affecting TC adsorption and retention in the environment, is needed and presented here. In the same breadth, the resistance research on animals, plants, and microorganisms and resistant mechanisms and substitutes was also discussed. A holistic overview of the existing detection technologies and the evaluation of environmental impact caused by TC and the latest studies to demonstrate the environmental impact by drug have also been summarized.

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