alexa ASSESSMENT OF BIRD AND MACROFAUNA DIVERSITY IN MANGROVE


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Research Article

ASSESSMENT OF BIRD AND MACROFAUNA DIVERSITY IN MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM OF JAKHAU CREEK, GULF OF KACHCHH, INDIA

Rohit Prajapati* and Nishith Dharaiya
Department of Life Sciences, Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Patan (Gujarat), India - 384265
Corresponding Author: Rohit Prajapati, Phone: 09408162363, E-mail: [email protected]
Received: 12 March 2014 Accepted: 04 April- 2014
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Abstract

Mangrove ecosystem serves as feeding and breeding ground for variety of living organisms including crustaceans, mollusks, fish and many resident and migratory birds. Macro invertebrate fauna are first consumer of mangrove detritus, decomposition matter and hence play a vital role in regulating food web in mangrove ecosystem. Macrofauna are also the most preferred food of migratory as well as resident birds occurring in mangrove ecosystem. The present study provides the baseline information on bird and macrofauna diversity in Jakhau creek system. The bird and macrofauna sampling were carried out at regular interval through point count method. Total 65 bird species belonging to 17 families have been recorded. Out of all recorded bird species, 49% were migratory. 27 species of macro invertebrate were recorded in to five major groups Viz. polychaetes (30%), crustaceans (30%), gastropods (26%), bivalves (7%) and fish (7%). The study reveals that the mangrove ecosystem of Jakhau creek can be a good feeding ground for migratory birds although it requires several conservation strategies and regulation of coastal transportation and other human activities.

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