AVIFAUNAL DIVERSITY OF TAWA RESERVOIR AND ITS SURROUNDING AREAS OF HOSHANGABAD DISTIRCT (MADHYA PRADESH)
Pragati Joshi and Vinoy K. Shrivastava
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The avian diversity of Tawa reservoir, at Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh, was studied during the period of January 2009 to December 2009. The diversity was carried out at five different stations to determine different bird species in three different seasons in Tawa reservoir and its surrounding areas by adopting the line transect methodology. The total 64 bird species belonging to 13 orders were listed in study areas. Diversity was determined by using Shannon-Weinner Index and ANOVA (single factor) to compare the bird diversity in different stations in different seasons. The result indicates that the value of Shannon –Weiner Index (H’) of bird diversity throughout the three seasons of the year 2009 were high at these stations i.e. Chicha –Pipariya H’=1.337664 with the species richness (S=56) and in Belawada H ’=1.335499 with the species richness (S=58) during winter season in comparison to summer and rainy seasons. However, overall, no much significant differences (p>0.05) were noticed in diversity of birds at five study stations during all the three seasons throughout the year. It shows that the habitats, that are required for avian fauna are almost equally available at all five study stations.