E-LEARNING METHODOLOGIES AND ITS TRENDS IN MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Joyshree Nath1, Saima Ghosh 2, Shalabh Agarwal 3, Asoke Nath 4
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E-learning is a technology that plays a major role in modern information technology. The e-learning content can be stored, searched, retrieved and assembled in order to provide learning just in time. E-learning is now an integral part in education and training as the learning materials are now available in internet and it can be accessed from anywhere and any time across the globe. Initially the idea of e-learning was to offer online courses but ultimately it was felt that it is too costly and also not flexible. The solution to this problem is given by learning object (LO) technology. The learning objects (LO) are basically small learning material content that can be stored, searched, retrieved and assembled to provide learning as and when it is required. The e-learning platform brings brand new concept and it is a kind of network information learning mode. E-learning may be considered as an assist learning forms to traditional education and self-learning mode of continuing education system. The e-learning methods can be used for traditional content and internal trainings for enterprises and it may be used much more efficiently in technology and engineering education also. The present paper examines a range of issues covering technology, teaching, learning and organizational issues and makes general recommendations for priorities that will promote the successful use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The objective of this paper is to discuss the different methodologies adopted in e-learning and how we can construct Learning objects and this can be applied to develop e-learning material in a better way.