Ethnobotanical Study of Some Rarely Used Vegetables
An ethnobotanical survey of the study area with respect to rarely used vegetables showed that villagers depend on wild plants for their various daily needs like food and shelter. Wild edible plants play a significant role in sustenance of rural life. But these vegetables are available in particular season in less quantity. The present work deals with the documentation and study of rarely used vegetables, consumed by common people of villages and some urban people in Hinganghat taluka of Wardha district (MS). 20 plant species were documented as rarely used vegetables. Out of the plants studied most frequently used wild plants are Amaranthus paniculatus L., Cassia tora L., Colocasia esculanta (L) Schott., Portulaca oleracea L. and Hibiscus cannabinus L. Family wise analysis revealed that Fabaceae is the dominant family with five species followed by Brassicaceae and Araceae with two species each, Amaranthaceae, Sapotaceae, Capparidaceae, Poaceae, Cariaceae, Liliaceae, Rhamnaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Malvaceae, Cucurbitaceae and Portulaceae with one species each. The most of the wild plants possess nutritive value and are used against diseases for pain and inflammation, bronchitis, abortifacient, antihelmionthis, cough and asthma, poisonous bite, antidigestion, rheumatism, skin diseases, jaundice, diuretic, alexiteric, aphrodiasic, diaphoretic, rubefacient, hypertension, antioxidant, constipation, anorexia, paralysis, laxative, expectorant, appetizing, antimalerial and so on.