Experimental Study of Induced Vibration and Work Surface Roughness in the Turning of 41Cr4 Alloy Steel using Response Surface Methodology
|S. C. Eze1, C. O. Izelu2, B. U. Oreko3, B. A. Edward4
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This study investigates experimentally the relationship between induced vibration and surface roughness in turning of 41Cr4 Alloy steel using Response Surface Methodology RSM. The levels of process cutting parameters in the study are limited to the following data; Depth of cut (1.0, 2.0, 3.0 mm), cutting speed (260, 320, 400 rpm), feed rate (0.15, 0.20, 0.30 mm/rev), tool nose radius (0, 1, 2 mm), tool overhang (50, 55, 60 mm) and work piece overhang (80, 100, 120 mm). The data are generated by lathe turning of 41Cr4 Alloy steel samples at different levels of low, medium and high. From the study it shows that Induced vibration has a significant effect on surface roughness of work piece. The surface roughness of work piece is proportional to cutting tool acceleration. This effect interacts with other independent variables such as depth of cut, cutting speed and cutting tool overhang etc. Experimental results have shown that induced vibration has significant impact on surface roughness which can be used to control the finished surface of a work pieces during mass production.