Filial Piety among Global Chinese Adult Children: A Systematic ReviewXinqi Dong* and Ying Xu
Professor of Medicine, Nursing, and Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center; Director of Chinese Health, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Xinqi Dong, Professor of Medicine
Nursing, and Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center; Director of Chinese Health, Aging and Policy Program, Associate Director of the Rush Institute, USA.
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: 13/01/2016 Accepted: 28/01/2016 Published: 15/02/2016
Objective: This review aims to explore the perception of filial piety among the global Chinese adult children with respect to its endorsement level, risk factors, and consequences, as well as the perceptions of filial piety. Methods: The author searched the global literature in PubMed, EBSCO, JSTOR, ProQuest and PsycINFO. Search terms included adult children/ young/ student AND filial piety/ Xiao/ filial obligations/ respect/ attitudes/ beliefs/ practice/ behaviors AND Chinese/ Taiwan/ Hong Kong/ Chinese- American/ Chinese Immigrants. The author excluded studies that existed only as abstracts, case series, or case reports and non-English publications. Results: Evidence revealed that filial piety is common among the global Chinese adult children. Being only-child, married, with older age, higher education level, and more income are associated with higher endorsement of filial piety and more filial practice. Mixed findings are found regarding to gender, grade, living arrangements, place of origin as risk factors of filial piety. The adverse outcomes of filial piety included caregiving stress, worse self-rated health and role strain. Beneficial outcomes were found such as healthier family functioning, higher academic achievement and less caregiving burden. Conclusion: Filial piety is commonly endorsed among the global Chinese adult children. This review highlighted important knowledges gaps, such as a lack of standardized assessing instruments, insufficient longitudinal research in regards to risk factors, consequences of endorsing filial piety, intervention and education programs unified and coordinated efforts at global level should continue to be promoted in understanding and encouraging the value of filial piety.