FOOD VALUES OF TWO ENDEMIC WILD ALMOND SPECIES FROM IRAN
Armaghan Kermanshah1, Parisa Ziarati2*, Jinous Asgarpanah3, Mahnaz Qomi2
|Corresponding Author: Parisa Ziarati, Islamic Azad University, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch (IAUPS), Faculty of Pharmacy, Toxicogenomics lab. No 99, Yakhchal, Gholhak, Dr. Shariati, Tehran-Iran. Tel: +98-21-22600037; Fax: +98-21-22633986, E-mail: [email protected]|
|Received: 04 April 2014 Accepted: 26 May 2014|
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Iran is one of the centers of Amygdalus genus origins. Amygdalus lycioides locally called “Badamak” is one of the endemic ones found in some parts of Iran especially in south regions. It is traditionally used as antidiabet , antiinflammation, antibacterial and laxative agent. A. wendelboi is the other endemic species distributed just in south of Iran, in Mountains of Gnow protected area. The fruits locally called “Archen”, has a wide application in folk medicine to treat cold, cough, headache and skin burns. It is locally used as an edible kernel by people. Literature survey revealed that no investigation has been done on this species by now. Results showed the proximate composition of 8.23% and 9.66% moisture; 11.06% and 13.29% ash; 38.26% and 34.23% lipid; 11.00% and 9.46% crude fiber; 4.01% and 3.93%crude protein; 27.44% and 29.43% carbohydrate for A. lycioides and A. wendelboi kernels respectively. Large amount of minerals were found in both of kernels.