Special Issue Article
Home Composting: ASustainable Approach for MSW Managementin Itanagar Capital Complex
Solid waste can be defined as any solid or semi-solid substance or object resulting from human or animal activities, discarded as useless or unwanted. It is an extremely mixed mass of wastes, which may originate from household, commercial, industrial or agricultural activities. Improper disposal of solid wastes pollutes all the vital components of the living environment (i.e., air, land and water) at local and global levels. The problem is more acute in developing nations than in developed nations, as their economic growth as well as urbanization is more rapid.Currently the capital complex (Itanagar, Naharlagun, Nirjuli including NERIST, Banderdewa, Doimukh, Yupia) area is plagued by acute problems related to solid waste. Due to lack of serious efforts by town/city authorities, garbage and its management has become a tenacious problem and this notwithstanding the fact that the largest part of municipal expenditure is allotted to it. Municipal solid waste generated from Itanagar Capital Complex in the year 2011 was 9690.393 tonnes. A large portion of it (7885.445093 tonnes) was organic waste . This clearly indicates the significance of composting in management of MSW from Itanagar Capital Complex. The present paper stresses on the Home Composting as a sustainable approach for MSW management in Capital Complex, Itanagar.