alexa Host phylogeny and diet structure its bacterial community: a case study of various fig wasps coexisting in Ficus hispida
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Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Research Article

Host phylogeny and diet structure its bacterial community: a case study of various fig wasps coexisting in Ficus hispida

Lihua Niu1,2,3, Jinhua Xiao2, Liming Niu4, Shengnan Bian1, Xiufeng Song1, Robert W Murphy5,6, Yi Li3, Ningxin Wang1* and Dawei Huang1,2*

1College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an, PR China

2Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China

3College of the Environment, Hohai University, Nanjing, PR China

4Environment and Plant Protection Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Danzhou, Hainan, PR China

5State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, and Yunnan Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Domestic Animals, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, PR China

6Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Royal Ontario Museum, 100 Queen’s Park, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

*Corresponding Author:
Ningxin Wang
College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an, PR China
E-mail: [email protected]

Dawei Huang
Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: 22 July 2015; Accepted date: 25 August 2015; Published date: 28 August 2015

 

Abstract

The composition of a microbial community may be driven by geographic isolation, diet, and the phylogenies of host organisms. A null hypothesis was that the evolutionary history of microbial communities reflects the phylogenies of their respective hymenopteran hosts. The objective of this study was to test this hypothesis using four fig wasp species (Ceratosolen solmsi Mayr, Apocrypta bakeri Joseph, Philotrypesis pilosa Mayr, and Philotrypesis sp. Forster), which coexist in the spatially isolated fig cavities of Ficus hispida Linnaeus. The bacterial communities of the four fig wasps were investigated using culture-independent methods. The results show that these wasps harbored a total of 53 operational taxonomic units (3% distance cutoff for 16S rDNA sequences), and were dominated by Proteobacteria. Herbivore C. solmsi mainly harbored γ-proteobacteria (65.3%) and Actinobacteridae (23.9%). Potential omnivore P. pilosa was dominated by α- and γ-proteobacteria (80.5% and 4.9%). β-proteobacteria and Acidobacteria represented the majority of the bacterial communities of carnivores Philotrypesis sp. (51.2% and 16.8%) and A. bakeri (52.7% and 12.5%). Contrary to our hypothesis, the bacterial communities of the four fig wasps were clustered into three groups, which might be structured by both the diet and phylogenies of the host species. The fig-fig wasp system provides an isolated model for the extensive exploration of the ecological associations between insects and their microbes.

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