LAND DEGRADATION AND SOCIO- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE BOLGATANGA MUNICIPALITY: THE GENDER PERSPECTIVES
|M. M. Braimah1*, T. Salifu1, D. Oppong-Sekyere2 & M. M. Akpalu2
|Corresponding Author: M. M. Braimah, E-mail: [email protected]|
|Received: 05 Jan-2014 Accepted: 09 Jan-2014|
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The research was conducted in the Bolgatanga Municipality. Nyariga and Zaare Amoabiisi communities were purposively sampled for the study. In all, thirty-three (33) questionnaires were administered to thirty-three households within the two communities in the Municipality. The study sought to find out the causes of land degradation and the socio-economic development of the people in the study area. The data analyzed was based on age grouping, sex composition of the respondents, household size, crops planted, type of animals reared, methods of land preparation, fertilizer application, among others. At the end of the study, it was found out that, 83% of the respondents agreed that over-cultivation of land accounted for land degradation in the communities, whiles 79% indicated that, settlement expansion is also responsible for the problem. Eighty percent (80%) of the respondents agreed that, over-grazing of their livestock in the area had seriously affected the quality of the soil thereby causing rapid land degradation. However, 1% to 2% of the respondents disagreed. It is therefore, recommended that, farmers should incorporate legumes, which have the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, into the soil and also improve the soil structure, hence, the preservation of the soil fertility.