NUTRIENT EVALUATION OF COMMON VEGETATION OF RAJASTHAN: Pennisetum Typholdenum, Cenchrus ciliaris, Cenchrus setigerus and Lasiurus Sindicus.
|Kajan Kumar and Aditi Soni*
Department of Chemistry, Bhagwant University, Sikar Road, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
|Corresponding Author: Aditi Soni, Department of Chemistry, Bhagwant University, Sikar Road, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India,E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]|
|Received: 21 December 2013 Accepted: 30 December 2013|
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The agriculture and animal husbandry practices in the tropics are diversified and change with change in the rainfall and soil. Livestock are considered as way of life rather than auxiliary occupation because of its immense importance on the different sphere of rural economy. The farmer in general, in most of the Asian countries does not understand and practice the nutrient requirement in ruminant animals. They feed their animal on the local feed resources available in their region. The main roughages available in the tropics are the crop residues, mature tropical grasses and the like. Shortage of quality forage is one of the limiting factors affecting adversely the health and productivity of livestock in the tropical environment. Therefore feeding system should be developed with the local feed resources with supplement of nutrient so as to achieve optimum production. Keeping this in view the present investigation was undertaken to garner information regarding the nutrient content of commonly available species of forage in the region of Rajasthan. Common vegetation such as Pennisetum Typholdenum, Cenchrus ciliaris, Cenchrus setigerus and Lasiurus Sindicus fig (I) from Jodhpur district of Rajasthan were analysed for their nutritional constituent. The Crude protein content ranged from 6.5 to 9.0%, Cellulose from 28.6 to 30.8%, Hemicellulose from 28 to 32.5%, Lignin from 6.9 to 7.9%, Crude Fiber from 30.43 to 31.9%, Neutral detergent fiber from 68.8 to 71.3% and Acid detergent fiber from 38.1 to 40.8% on dry matter basis. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis was also used to investigate the chemical structure and characteristic of Lignocellulose, Cellulose and Hemicellulose constituent present. This study will also help not only to understand the elemental and nutritional status of vegetation, but also a suitable fertilizer management for conservation of arid land and production of greens for live stock of Rajasthan.