OPTIMIZATION OF EDM PARAMETERS USING TAGUCHI METHOD AND GREY RELATIONAL ANALYSIS FOR MILD STEEL IS 2026
Raghuraman S 1, Thiruppathi K2, Panneerselvam T2, Santosh S4
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Optimization is one of the techniques used in manufacturing sectors to arrive for the best manufacturing conditions, which is an essential need for industries towards manufacturing of quality products at lower cost. This paper aims to investigate the optimal set of process parameters such as current, pulse ON and OFF time in Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) process to identify the variations in three performance characteristics such as rate of material removal, wear rate on tool, and surface roughness value on the work material for machining Mild Steel IS 2026 using copper electrode. Based on the experiments conducted on L9 orthogonal array, analysis has been carried out using Grey Relational Analysis, a Taguchi method. Response tables and graphs were used to find the optimal levels of parameters in EDM process. The confirmation experiments were carried out to validate the optimal results. Thus, the machining parameters for EDM were optimized for achieving the combined objectives of higher rate of material removal, lower wear rate on tool, and lower surface roughness value on the work material considered in this work. The obtained results show that the Taguchi Grey relational Analysis is being effective technique to optimize the machining parameters for EDM process.