Special Issue Article
Parallel AES Encryption Engines for Many-Core Processor Arrays
|H. Naveen, M. Ramesh
|Related article at Pubmed, Scholar Google|
By exploring different granularities of data-level and task-level parallelism, we map 4 implementations of an Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cipher with both online and offline key expansion on a fine-grained manycore system. The smallest design utilizes only six cores for offline key expansion and eight cores for online key expansion, while the largest requires 107 and 137 cores, respectively. In comparison with published AES cipher implementations on general purpose processors, our design has 3.5-15.6 times higher throughput per unit of chip area and 8.2-18.1 times higher energy efficiency. Most AES calculations are done in a special field. The AES cipher is specified as a number of repetitions of transformation rounds that convert the input plain-text into the final output of cipher-text. Each round consists of several processing steps, including one that depends on the encryption key. A set of reverse rounds are applied to transform cipher-text back into the original plain-text using the same encryption key.