SCIENTIFIC REDISCOVERY OF FUNGOID BODIES AND HABITAT STUDIES ON SCLEROTIUM STIPITATUM BERK. ET CURR. (NILAMANGA): A RARE TERMITE FUNGUS.
Fungi in genus sclerotium Tode form sclerotia and sterile mycelia but no spores. Sclerotium stipitatum Berk. ET Curr, (‘Nilamanga’) is a rare endemic fungus identified from Travancore area of South India in this genus. It is first identified by Berkeley in 1860 from its natural habitats of this area with ants nest. He commended on the described materials was three types of fungoid bodies. Further no more reports are available to support the existence of these species. After the type specimen this collection of 3 fungoid bodies are the scientific rediscovery of this species. Ethnobotanical studies of ‘Nilamanga’ is effective in curing a number of ailments, such as ear ache, stomach pain, dehydration and even stomach cancer and jaundice.