STUDY ON DIVERSITY AND HOST PLANTS OF BUTTERFLIES IN LOWER SHIWALIK HILLS, HIMACHAL PRADESH
|M.S. Thakur and S. Bhardwaj
Department of Biosciences H.P.University Summer Hill Shimla (H.P.)-171005, India
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During present studies a total of 40 butterfly species were collected from different study sites of lower Shiwalk hills(extend from 29o-33o N latitude to 74o-80.5o E longitude, altitude 1500m), which belonged to six families i.e. Nymphalidae, Pieridae, Papilionidae, Lycaenidae, Satyridae and Riodinidae and thirty genera. The Nymphalidae family was the most diverse family in the study area having ten genera and followed by Lycaenidae family with eight genera. But the abundance of Pierids was more in the study area. During sampling of specimens in the study areas, a total of 91 plants belonging to 44 families were reported. A total 40 species of butterflies were collected as flower visitors on 91 species of flowering plants (garden, cultivated, semiwild and wild) in Shiwalik hills.