Supporting Women in Rural Areas within the Framework of Policies and Programs in TurkeyPinar Topçu*
Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture,Turkey
- *Corresponding Author:
- Pinar Topçu
Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: 13/08/ 2015;Accepted: 29/12/ 2015; Published: 31/12/2015
In rural areas, the most of women are employed in agriculture sector, therefore women's labour intensity is also high in agricultural production as in the households. But, the proportion of women in agriculture sector accepted low wages is extremely high and frequently this group gained their income by means of marketing agricultural products obtained by working in the vineyards and orchards or fields. In this sense, to generate and diversify income-generating activities are major importance for women engaged in agricultural activities.
Considering the Turkey’s conditions, the employment of women in the rural areas would reduce depending on a decrease trend in agricultural employment. Constraints for empowering women in the rural area are mainly lack of social security for women, traditional thinking of men and the community pressure, perception of family workers. Despite several projects and programs are implemented, it is still essential to make further studies for the women working in the rural areas. In this perspective, the contribution of this article is to assess and make policy proposals about the promotion of women in the rural areas particularly in the framework of policies and programs implemented in Turkey.