Breast cancer treatment has long been associated with an array of significant and enduring physical and psychosocial consequences, including reduced upper-body function, quality of life, poor body image, fatigue, increases in body weight and adverse changes to body composition. Declines in fitness, physical and psychosocial function and quality of life typically occur during the active treatment period. Current conservative estimates from a prospective, cohort study suggested that at six months post-diagnosis, 90% of women report at least one significant adverse treatment effect (including fatigue, pain, lymphoedema, weight gain) and 60% report multiple sequelae. While outcomes improve following treatment completion and up to approximately 12 months post-diagnosis, function and fitness typically fail to reach pre-diagnosis levels and remain at levels lower than age-matched norms. Further, beyond the 18-24 month post-diagnosis period, the rate ofâtypicalâ age-related declines in fitness and function are faster for women who have had breast cancer, when compared with agematched normative data.
Is Unsupervised Exercise Following Breast Cancer Safe for All Women?: Spence R, DiSipio T, Schmitz K and Hayes S
Last date updated on July, 2014