Scoliosis |OMICS International|Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation

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Scoliosis is defined as the abnormal lateral deviation of the spinal column with minimum Cobb angle of 10° in the coronal plane. It can be characterized as either non-structural or structural scoliosis. A non-structural scoliosis is a non-progressive curve resulting from a leg length discrepancy, herniated disc or improper posture that can be corrected by elimination of the primary causative factor. However, in a structural scoliosis, the lateral deviation results in not only a vertebral distortion, as the vertebral bodies rotate towards the convex side and the spinous processes rotate toward the concave side, but also includes rib deformity with the convex sided ribs shifting posterior and superior and the concave sided ribs shifting anterior and inferior. Upon examination, a person with scoliosis may present with unequal shoulder height, a pelvis that is not level in the transverse plane, a lumbar or thoracic hump, and asymmetrical lumbar triangle, loss of lumbar lordosis, or loss of balance in the sagittal and coronal planes. coliosis, affecting 2-3% of the population, may be classified as congenital, neuromuscular, degenerative or idiopathic. Additionally scoliosis diagnosed after skeletal maturity, ages 20-50, is known as adult scoliosis and accounts for 6%-10% of the population. Adult scoliosis is divided into four types: Primary degenerative scoliosis resulting from the asymmetrical erosion of the disc, endplates and/or facet joints; progressive idiopathic scoliosis not previously treated or post-surgical; secondary adult curvature due to a pelvic obliquity; and secondary adult curvature due to metabolic bone disease. The Schroth Method of Treatment for a Patient Diagnosed with Scoliosis: A Case Report: Heather Watters
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Last date updated on February, 2021