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Research Article Open Access
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the linkage between transformational leadership and the organizational climate for innovation, creativity and creative self-efficacy. Design/Methodology/Approach: Direct guest-contact employees and their immediate supervisors from thirtyeight 5-star hotels in Egypt was targeted. A total of (500) employees and (150) supervisors provided the collected data. A series of statistical analyses were adapted to: (1) Identify the elements of transformational leadership style using a multi-factor leadership questionnaire (MLQ-5X); (2) Examine the consequence of transformational leadership style in fostering a climate for innovation, creativity and creative self-efficacy. Findings: The study revealed that transformational leaders foster an organizational climate for innovation and creativity. Practical implications: The results pointed to mechanisms by which organizations may positively shape such employees' creative self-efficacy views. Leaders are likely to foster favorable conditions for the creative self-efficacy such as: verbally persuade employees that could be creative and personally demonstrate and instruct their employees on creativity-relevant skills. This could be achieved by provision of hands-on opportunities to apply these skills. Hospitality leaders need to organize effective training initiatives to develop their subordinates' creative selfefficacy and provide employees with the relevant details of the tasks assigned to them. A larger and more diverse sample is recommended for future research. Originality/value: This study will add to the existing literature and managerial practices in several ways. The main contribution of the present research is investigating the applicability of the transformational leadership within the Egyptian hotels. Also, this research introduces a positive expectation of the transformational leadership on the innovation and creative climate in Egyptian hotels. Third, this research present transformational leadership style as a mechanism to promote innovation and creativity climate among employees.
Transformational leadership, Innovation, Creativity, Climate, Creative self-efficacy, Egypt, Business and Management, Corporate Governance, Manufacturing business, Hotel Management, Production & Operations Management, Manufacturing Operations, Internet role and telecommunications, Managerial Economics, Decision Analysis, Strategic Management, Manufacturing and investment, Information Technology Management, Human Resource, Customer Satisfaction, Leadership, Management Development, Finance management, E-Tourism, Food Service, Advertising