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Research Article Open Access


Heterosis breeding is a potential technique to improve yields in sesame. 24 diverse sesame genotypes were used as male parents and highly adoptable three local varieties were used as female parents. 38 hybrids were produced during rabi, 2013 and were evaluated along with parents and three checks during summer, 2014 in Randomized Block Design at Regional Agricultural Research Station, Polasa, Jagtial. The data was recorded for eight biometrical traits viz., days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, plant height, number of primary branches per plant, number of capsules per plant, capsule length and number of seeds per capsule, 1000 seed weight and seed yield per plant. In the present study highly significant differences were recorded among sesame hybrids for all the traits studied. Further, two hybrids Swetha thil x VS 07-023 and Swetha thil x JL SEL 05-3 had recorded highest standard heterosis of 13.40 % and 10.70 % respectively. The same hybrids recorded statistically significant superior seed yield per plant i.e., 28.7 g and 28.0 g respectively. Keeping above points in view, these two crosses are identified as potential experimental hybrids

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Author(s): Shobha Rani T, Kiran babu  T, Madhukar rao P, Thippeswamy S, Kiran Reddy G  and Soujanya A


Heterosis, Heterobeltiosis, Standard heterosis, Sesamum indicum L., Phenotypic and genotypic coefficients of variation., Plant Sciences, Environmental sciences

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