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Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) is the most common congenital disorder in new-borns. Approximately 1 in every 100 new-borns have congenital heart defects, which can range from mild too severe. Critical CHD requires surgery or catheter-based intervention in the first year of life, this occurs in approximately 25 percent. Although many new-borns with critical CHD are symptomatic and identified soon after birth, others are not diagnosed until after discharge from the birth hospitalization.In infants with critical cardiac lesions, the risk of morbidity and mortality increases when there is a delay in diagnosis and timely referral to a tertiary centre with expertise in treating these patients. Some are known to be associated with genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome, but the cause of most congenital heart defects is unknown. While they can't be prevented, there are many treatments for the disease and related health problems.