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Ecchymosis is the process of Nonraised skin discoloration caused by escape of blood into the tissues from ruptured blood vessels. The term also applies to the subcutaneous discoloration resulting from seepage of blood within the contused tissue. Ecchymosis can occur in mucous membranes (for example, in the mouth). a small hemorrhagic spot in the skin or a mucous membrane, larger than a petechia, forming a non-elevated, rounded, or irregular blue or purplish patch.
Ecchymosis is not a condition or a disorder and is generally harmless. It is however, a symptom of one or more serious underlying medical condition that needs medical attention and intervention. The onset of ecchymosis can be a mild inflammatory response of the body or can be a more complex medical condition. Ecchymosis is generally the result of blunt trauma that caused the blood vessels to rupture and seep into the thin layer of the skin or in the mucus membrane in the absence of an incision or any break in the skin to allow the blood to go out of the skin surface. The accumulation of blood within the skin layers causes the reddish or purplish discoloration of the skin.
Related Journals of Ecchymosis
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research, Clinical Pediatrics & Dermatology, Dermatology Case Reports, Melanoma and Skin Diseases, Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, Skin Research, Skin Research and Technology, Skin therapy letter, Advances in skin & wound care.