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Eutrophication is a state when the environment becomes enriched with nutrients. This can be a problem in marine habitats such as lakes as it can cause algal blooms due to the increased availability of one or more limiting growth factors needed for photosynthesis such as sunlight, carbon dioxide, and nutrient fertilizers. Fertilizers used in farming run-off into nearby water causing an increase in nutrient levels.
Eutrophication may occur naturally but can also be the result of human activity (cultural eutrophication from fertilizer runoff and sewage discharge) and is particularly evident in slow-moving rivers and shallow lakes. Increased sediment deposition can eventually raise the level of the lake or river bed, allowing land plants to colonize the edges, and eventually converting the area to dry land.
Related Journals of Eutrophication
Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography, International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Elsevier Pharmaceutical Journals, Journal Pharmaceutical Science.