The main reason behind back pain and neck pain is disc degeneration disease. In this disease dissolution of intervertebral disk occurs. Mostly elderly people are affected by this disease. Young people are unaffected by it. In some cases it results in chronic pain that last for lifetime of a person. The major symptoms of this disease are severe back and lower back pain. It also includes hip and thigh pain. Mostly it is experienced while walking. During this disease a person might experience pain in finger and knee.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Last date updated on September, 2020