Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review. Tissue transplantation is the transfer of essential tissue from one location to another with in the same individual or from one person to the other for the purpose of replacing patients damaged tissue or sometimes absent tissue. Many diseases which will not be readily curable by any existing therapies can be cured by this method of this tissue transplantation technique. There are different types of tissue transplantations and the most commonly transplanted tissues include cornea, skin, heart valves, nerves and veins. Tissue transplantation technique can be mainly divided into two types called allograft and autograft transplantations. Autograft transplantation is a transplantation which involves the transfer of particular tissue from one place to other within the same body, whereas allograft transplantation is a transplantation technique which is performed between two different individuals or between two species.
Last date updated on July, 2014