It is defined as a clinical condition which is characterized by narrowing of blood vessels due to excess contraction of muscular wall of the vessels. The medicine that causes constriction of blood vessels is known as vasoconstrictors. Generally vasoconstrictors are given to increase the blood pressure. Vasoconstriction occurs due to the high concentration of calcium in vascular smooth muscle.Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submittedÂ manuscriptsÂ and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the acceptedÂ standardsÂ of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on September, 2014