Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.
Psychologists have been working in Medical settings since the growth surge in the field following World War II. The Clinical Psychology profession growth escalated with the need and application of the newly designed empirical assessment and treatment interventions. The initial invitations in Medicine came to Psychologists from departments of Psychiatry. The recognition of the knowledge competencies (i.e., Brain & Behavior, Social Interactions, Learning, Memory, Perception) fundamental to the training of doctoral level Clinical Psychologists expanded Veteranâs Administration service first, then, medical specialties of Neurology and Physical Medicine. The integrated knowledge and skills of the Psychologist to design, implement and interpret research investigations of patientsâ behavior fortified the flourishing of Psychologists in general hospital settings. This trend of the recent twenty-five years growth of utilizing Psychologists in healthcare is due to the increasing complexity of health care. In fact, the core competencies of Psychology doctoral training include many areas congruent to medicine. They are: scientifically minded practice, intervention skills, consultation and interpersonal collaborations, supervision and professional development. Also, according to the American Psychological Association, these specialized competencies are acquired last in the training following advanced knowledge and skills. The content mastery areas in Doctor of Philosophy training are: anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical pharmacology, social and psychological bases of disease, neuroscience/neuroanatomical/neuropsychological testing, healthcare policies and organization. The practice of these knowledge and skills areas are translated much like a research plan from literature to hypothesis with the parallel being precipitant factors to disease and target behavior for intervention.
Citation: Kathy Sexton-Radek (2012) Medical Psychology: Clinical practices and implications for practitioners. J Neurol Neurophysiol. doi: 10.4172/2155-9562.S1.11
Last date updated on March, 2021