|Neuroimaging is a relatively new science which uses various techniques to either directly or indirectly or indirectly image the structure, function or pharmacology of Nervous System. Various brain imaging techniques are Computed axial tomography, Diffuse optical imaging, Event-related optical signal, Magnetic resonance imaging etc. Neuroimaging is used to diagonize and to evaluate the treatment outcomes of various neurological, psychiatric and CNS disorders. Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.