Adiposity is the medical term for obesity. Obesity is a condition that often contributes to the development of secondary conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, and sleep apnea. Obesity occurs when an individual consumes more calories than she or he burns. Those who consume a high calorie diet and foster a low-activity or sedentary lifestyle burn little to no calories, which the body ultimately stores as fat. Over time, the continued storage of these fatty cells leads to adiposity. An individual's BMI may be calculated by dividing his or her weight (in kilograms) by his or her height (in meters squared). Those whose BMI figures to be between 25 and 30 are considered to be overweight and a BMI over 30 is indicative of morbid obesity. Individuals with adiposity possess a body weight that is greater than what is considered to be healthy for their height. The body mass index (BMI) is a standardized tool often used to calculate whether one possesses a healthy body weight for his or her stature. Caused by increasing body weight, an increasing girth will lead to metabolic complications. Among those are insulin resistance, high blood pressure, diabetes, fatty liver, arteriosclerosis and fat metabolism disorders. Additionally complications such as shortness of breath or joint pain can occur. Alongside the individual causes for adiposity those sequelae are a focus of the therapeutic efforts. Those sequelae make consistently increasing body weight a serious health risk and a therapy of morbid overweight necessary in the first place. Treatment for obesity is usually multi-faceted in its approach, including dietary and lifestyle changes, and in some cases may necessitate the use of medication and surgery.
Last date updated on September, 2014