|The genomic length of HIV is around 9.5 kb. Researchers have categorized the HIV-1 virus into groups, subtypes and sub-subtypes that classification is based on the genetic variation and phylogenetic analysis. The HIV-1 is divided into three groups like M, N and O group. M group of HIV-1 is further divided into subtypes as A-D, F-H, J and K subtype. The present global epidemic has occurred by M group viruses other than N and O group viruses.
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