|A simultaneous infection with one or more diseases is called a co-infection. Mostly HIV-positive patients are co-infected with Hepatitis such as Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and Hepatitis B virus (HBV), due to shared routes of transmission. HCV is most commonly infected than HBV. Hepatitis virus rapidly effects in HIV positive patients compared to HIV negative patients. HIV Co-infection with hepatitis put patients at higher risk of life-threatening health complications and also makes the management of HIV infection more difficult. A co-infection with tuberculosis is also one of the leading causes of death among people living with HIV.
Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.