|People living with HIV are further burdened with another public health issue: malnutrition. Of the 842 million people estimated to be malnourished worldwide, 223 million (27%) live in sub-Saharan Africa. Of the 42 million people living in Kenya, 11 million (26%) are malnourished. Malnutrition and food insecurity are consequences of the economic status of a country. Across Kenya, 45.9% of the population lives below the poverty line, most of who live in rural areas. This is understandable considering that the average gross national income per capita in Kenya is $840, compared to an average of over $50,000 in other industrialized nations. (Elizabeth M Vaughan, The Impact of Nutrition on CD4+ Levels for HIV-positive Kenyan Adults).
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.