|Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is one of the leading causes of death with major medical and economic impact on the society. Due to high mutation rates associated with RNA replication and retrotranscription, there is spontaneous emergence of a pool of mutant viruses, some of which may be associated with drug resistance (DR). Keeping in mind the increasing demand of improving the drug efficacy, there is an urge to improve the methodology of identification of these mutations and know how they affect the susceptibility to a particular drug (Sunil K. Arora, Prediction of High Level of Multiple Drug Resistance Mutations in HIV-1 Subtype C Reverse Transcriptase Gene among First Line Antiretroviral-Experienced Virological Failure Patients from North India Using Genotypic and Docking Analysis).
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.