|With free and easy access to testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) and specialist care, nobody should advance to or die of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Yet HIV positive people continue to die of AIDS in the UK. After a sharp decline in AIDS related mortality rates following the introduction of protease inhibitors in mid-1990s, the mortality rates plateaued from 2001 to 2011. During this time a total of 5641 HIV positive people died in the UK, while 69287 patients were officially newly diagnosed.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant).
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.